Tracks information on drugs on worldwide basis by Dr Anthony Melvin Crasto, helping millions with websites, 9 million hits on google, 2.5 lakh connections worldwide, P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
An immobilised monolithic iridium hydrogen transfer catalyst has been developed for use in flow based processing. The monolithic construc thas been used for several redox reductions demonstrating excellent recyclability, good turnover numbersand high chemical stability giving negligible metal leaching over extended periods of use.
A FlowSyn Auto-LF system was employed to automatically process a library of 40 aldehydes and ketones.
An immobilised iridium hydrogen transfer catalyst has been developed for use in flow based processing by incorporation of a ligand into a porous polymeric monolithic flow reactor. The monolithic construct has been used for several redox reductions demonstrating excellent recyclability, good turnover numbers and high chemical stability giving negligible metal leaching over extended periods of use.
The first regioselective ortho-lithiation at the 4-position of simple pyridine derivatives containing a 3-oxetane unit has been achieved using n-butyllithium as base. Electrophilic quenching of the resulting lithio species provides a rapid access to a broad range of new functionalized pyridine oxetane building blocks.
Flow synthesis offers many advantages when applied to the processing of difficult or dangerous chemical transformations. Furthermore, continuous production allows for rapid scale up of reactions without significant redevelopment of the routes. Importantly, it can also provide a versatile platform from which to build integrated multi-step transformations, delivering more advanced chemical architectures. The construction of multi-purpose micro and meso flow systems, that utilize in-line purification and diagnostic capabilities, creates a scenario of seamless connectivity between sequential steps of a longer chemical sequence. In this mini perspective, we will discuss our experience of target orientated multi-step synthesis as presented at the recent inaugural meeting of LEGOMEDIC at Namar University, Belgium.
The true potential of flow chemistry as an enabling technology can really only be fully appreciated when seen in the context of a target driven multi-step synthesis, aimed at the delivery of advanced chemical structures such as active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) .
As most pharmaceutical syntheses typically require between 8 and 10 chemical transformations (this is often somewhat reduced to 5/6 steps when analogue/library syntheses are being conducted), excluding protecting group manipulations, to realize the target molecule, this is a good foundation from which to explore the advantages of flow chemistry. We have generated a flow protocol for the synthesis of imatinib, the API of the Novartis block buster anticancer therapeutic Gleevec (imatinib mesylate), including a series of analogues (Scheme 11)
Furthermore, we aimed to create a route which would allow each of the three main fragments to be exchanged to address maximum variation in subsequent analogue synthesis. This requires additional planning to build flexibility into the sequence where this desired diversity can be easily introduced. Again, prior consideration of the generated intermediates, and any potential by-products that may arise, is critical and should be addressed prior to embarking on the synthesis.
Consequently, the extensive profiling of the reaction in terms of its purity profile is more closely analogous to process chemistry than traditional Medicinal Chemistry, even at the development stage. So, although more time consuming in the planning stage, having a greater understanding of the chemistry, does then enable a smoother up scaling and more rapid optimization of the route.
Scheme 11Flow route used to prepare imatinib related analogues.